Indian Springs’ history began millions of years ago with the eruption of Mt. Konocti, 20 miles away. This event deposited volcanic ash on the land and created a fissure in the earth. This fissure allowed groundwater to reach hot magma at a depth of 4,000 feet and then resurface as thermal geysers (230 degrees).

The Wappo Indians settled on this land 8,000 years ago, establishing three villages, building sweat lodges over the escaping steam, and bathing in the warm mineral waters. They called this land the “Oven Place.” The Spanish followed in the 17th century—their name for this area was “Agua Caliente.”

Sam Brannan, one of California’s earliest entrepreneurs, purchased the upper Napa Valley (all of it) in the 1860s, with a vision of creating a world-class resort. He built the original spa, mudbaths, pool and racetrack in 1861. In 1880, Leland Stanford purchased the resort with the intention of locating Stanford University here. Instead, he established Stanford in Palo Alto and the spa tradition continued as Sam Brannan had envisioned. In 1905, the Pacheteau family operated the property and renamed it Pacheteau Baths. It became a popular resort destination for Bay Area families for generations.

In 1988, Pat and John Merchant purchased the property and, with respect for those who were first here, renamed it Indian Springs. In 2004, the Merchants were able to acquire the adjoining spa and hotel, known as Nance's, and incorporate it into Indian Springs. The 24 units have been beautifully renovated and are now the Lodge rooms at Indian Springs. The past continues to inspire the present. Times change, but the land, water, and traditions go on from generation to generation. Some things only get better with age, and Indian Springs remains a one -of- a- kind experience.